Posted in Asian News
August 6, 2022

Tightrope walk in trying times

By Sugeeswara Senadhira/Daily News

Colombo August 6: In his message of congratulations to new Prime Minister Dinesh Gunawardena, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi assured continuous assistance to Sri Lanka, describing the giant neighbor as a dependable friend of Sri Lanka. This candid choice of word is all the more important as it came at a time Colombo has given permission for the Chinese vessel Yuna Wang 5 to enter Port of Hambantota from August 11-17, mainly for replenishment, including fuel.

Yuan Wang 5 would be space and satellite tracking and research in the North-Western part of the Indian Ocean Region through August and September.

India, for obvious reasons, keeps track of Chinese activities in the Indian Ocean, especially in the ocean close to its Southern tip. Sri Lanka, having maintained good relations with regional and international powers, always kept itself away from power rivalry. In line with the foreign policy of neutrality, Sri Lanka allows foreign naval ships to enter its ports and waters for friendly visits, joint military exercises and for fuel and logistic requirements.

Defense Ministry Spokesperson Col. Nalin Herath clarified the Chinese vessel will call at Hambantota for logistic support. He pointed out that “such vessels periodically come from various countries such as India, China, Japan and Australia. It is nothing unusual.” The Defense Ministry clarified that the Chinese research vessel, Yuan Wang 5, was granted permission under the ‘freedom of navigation’ principle in the Indian Ocean.

Indian External Affairs Spokesman Aridam Bagchi–former Deputy High Commissioner in Colombo – said the Indian Government is carefully monitoring the vessel’s movement in the Indian Ocean. “The Government carefully monitors any developments having a bearing on India’s security and economic interests, and takes all necessary measures to safeguard them,” he said.

The Chinese vessel has high capabilities of surveillance and sea wave research and the vessel is expected to arrive at Hambantota Port next Thursday. The ship is sailing from China directly to Hambantota Port before returning to China. Following its research in the North West of the Indian Ocean, it would return to Hambantota Port for replenishment.

Harbour Master of the Sri Lanka Ports Authority, Captain Nirmal de Silva also confirmed that the Chinese vessel would be here for replenishment during a research operation in the North West Indian Ocean during the months of August and September.

India considers the Indian Ocean Region as an area of traditional influence and is concerned about other naval powers intruding into the area. However, Sri Lanka has a perfect understanding with New Delhi on these issues and periodical high-level meetings between leaders of the two countries have succeeded in sorting out issues to smoothen ruffled feathers, if any.

It is evident from Prime Minister Modi’s messages to President Ranil Wickremesinghe and Prime Minister Gunawardena that New Delhi is willing to continuously assist Sri Lanka as a dependable friend and the two new leaders at helm of power in Colombo too expressed similar sentiments to Indian leaders.

While Prime Minister Modi has assured that India will continue to be supportive of the quest of the people of Sri Lanka for stability and economic recovery, through established democratic means, institutions and constitutional framework, President Wickremesinghe, in his address to Parliament on August 3, thanked India for magnanimous contributions to Sri Lanka to face the unprecedented economic challenges.

Indo – Lanka ties

The Indian Prime Minister also conveyed that he looked forward to working closely with the Sri Lankan President and Prime Minister for the mutual benefit of the people and strengthening the age-old, close and friendly relations between India and Sri Lanka.

India is well aware of the circumstances under which the Hambantota Port was constructed and how the control of the harbour was shared by China and Sri Lanka, when the latter found its inability to pay back the loan taken from China to build the port. Sri Lanka, in fact, offered the Hambantota Port Project to India first, and when New Delhi felt it was not commercially viable, Colombo offered the project to China. Now Sri Lanka shares the management of the Hambantota Port with China. The administration of commercial activities had been formally handed over to China Merchant Port Holdings in 2017, on a 99-year lease.

Pro-LTTE lobbies in Tamil Nadu attempted to make use of the arrival of Chinese vessel to Hambantota to ruffle good relations between India and Sri Lanka. A Tamil Nadu minor political party, Pattali Makkal Katchi (PMK) founder S. Ramadoss labeled it as a ‘spy ship from China’. He said the Chinese spy ship Yuan Wang-5 docking in Sri Lanka’s Hambantota Port is a threat to India and particularly to Southern states including Tamil Nadu as the ship can read all facilities up to 750 kilometres using satellites.”

Ramadoss alleged that ‘the Chinese spy ship’ is also accused of violating passage requirements in territorial seas as per the United Nations Convention on the Law of Sea (UNCLOS). However, New Delhi is well aware of the rhetoric of radical political groups in Tamil Nadu and will take its own decisions, while closely monitoring foreign vessels entering the region.

China said it was only a part of its “legitimate maritime activities”. “China hopes that the relevant parties will view and report on China’s marine scientific research activities correctly and refrain from interfering with normal and legitimate maritime activities,” the Foreign Ministry Spokesman said in Beijing.

Economic Crisis

To help Sri Lanka’s debt restructuring in the face of economic and fiscal crisis, India was the first to offer substantial loans in addition to supplying essential items. Now China too is expected to come forth. China’s Exim Bank commenced credit-restructuring negotiations with Sri Lanka. Sri Lanka’s ambassador to China, Palitha Kohona announced that the request for US$ 4 billion emergency aid package is being considered favorably by China. Beijing will also help boost trade, investments and tourism.Already Indian Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has endorsed Sri Lanka’s appeal for IMF assistance.

All in all President Wickremesinghe and Premier Gunawardena have kept excellent relations with New Delhi and Beijing and maintained absolute impartiality in foreign relations, a fact understood by the two regional powers.


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